Chamaeleo Dilepis otherwise known as the Common African Flap-necked Chameleon or simply Flap-necked Chameleon is as the name implies, one of the more common chameleon species. It has a very wide distribution within Central and South Africa and widely exported as pets.
Chamaeleo Dilepis’ name comes from the large, movable flaps on its neck over the bony protrusion at the back of its head called the casque. When threatened, these flaps are raised the same way as frilled lizards. They can grow up to 38 centimeters and are often light-green, yellow or brown with a dark stripe on the sides of the body. They also have two crests on the upper and lower surfaces of the body. Consistent with the sexual dimorphism of chameleons, males are smaller, have larger flaps, taller casques and small spurs on their hind legs (ARKive).
Chamaeleo Dilepis has a Least Concern status in the IUCN Redlist because of its abundant population and wide range and distribution. The can be found in Central and South Africa from Cameroon to Somalia down to South Africa (IUCN Redlist). Though the population is abundant, trade of this species is regulated as it is listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) Appendix II).
Chameleons are very territorial and live solitary lives except when mating. This species is no different. When kept as pets, they should have a well-ventilated, well humidified enclosure with a minimum dimension of 2 x 2 x 3 feet (Jabberwock Reptiles). The enclosure should have climbing areas in the form of branches, logs and plants and the temperature should not exceed 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Regular misting should be performed as a source of water. This species can last up to four years in captivity when well taken care of (Encyclopedia of LIfe).
1) ARKive – http://www.arkive.org/flap-necked-chameleon/chamaeleo-dilepis/
2) IUCN Redlist – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/176308/0
3) CITES – http://cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php
4) Jabberwock Reptiles – http://jabberwockreptiles.com/about-the-animals/care-sheets/flap-neck-chameleon-care
5) Encyclopedia of Life – http://eol.org/pages/791821/details
1) Main image supplied by CowYeow
2) Sub images supplied by CowYeow