The Rhinoceros Chameleon, scientifically named Furcifer Rhinoceratus is one of the most distinctive of the genus furcifer. It’s named for its prominent scaly horn-like nose (Wikipedia). Both male and female have this feature except it’s more prominent in males (Arkive). It has a small casque and some small spines along the throat and chin. Both male and female also has a spiny dorsal crest. The males can be grey or brown in color with dark brown or black stripes. There is also a white line along the sides of its body. When gravid, the females turn a beautiful neon purple color (Arkive). Males of this species can grow up to 27 cm, while females are much smaller at 12 cm.
This species is endemic to Madagascar and can be found along the West to southwest parts of the island (IUCN). It had an estimated range of over 13,700 kilometers. This terrestrial species can be found in dry forests but is unknown to survive in degraded habitats.
Despite its large range, human encroachment and its fragmented population has earned it a vulnerable status in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Redlist. It is also listed in CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) Appendix II making trade of Furcifer Rhinoceratus controlled (Arkive).
1) Wikipedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhinoceros_chameleon
2) Arkive.Org – http://www.arkive.org/rhinoceros-chameleon/furcifer-rhinoceratus/
3) IUCN Redlist – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/172758/0