Bradypodion Pumilum or Cape Dwarf Chameleon

Bradypodion Pumilum otherwise known as the Cape Dwarf Chameleon is a medium size dwarf chameleon native to the region around Cape Town in South Africa (Wikipedia). This species gets its common name due to its location.

Bradypodion Pumilum has a base color of green, yellow or brown with blue, orange and red stripes or spots on their flanks (Chameleons.com). It has a curly prehensile tail, a non-prominent casque. They also have conical tubercles stretching from their backs to their tails as well as beneath the jaw.


This species can grow up to 15 centimeters in adulthood. They are quick to grow from birth to adult size in six months which makes them popular among lizard enthusiasts (Sticky Tongue Farms) and they can quickly reproduce of up to 15 young per year (Herpcenter). This species is adaptable and can be tamed with constant gentle contact (Wikipedia). Unlike other chameleons, they are not as territorial and can be found in groups (Herpcenter).
Bradypodion Pumilum or Cape Dwarf Chameleon 2

Bradypodion Pumilum is listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) Appendix II (Wikipedia). This means that trade for this species is highly regulated due to its limited distribution in the Western Cape, South Africa. They are also allegedly found in Namibia and Mozambique (Reptile Database). There are plenty of specimens in captivity and has a limited market (Sticky Tongue Farms). This species inhabits thickets, reed beds and fynbos or shrubbery.

 

 

References:

1) Wikipedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_dwarf_chameleon
2) Sticky Tongue Farms –
http://www.stickytonguefarms.com/index.php?page=shop.product_details&category_id=15&flypage=flypage.tpl&product_id=377&option=com_virtuemart&Itemid=82&vmcchk=1&Itemid=82
3) Herpcenter Network – http://www.herpcenter.com/reptile-caresheets/cape-dwarf-chameleon.html
4) Chameleons.com – http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&u=http://www.chamaeleons.com/index.php%3Fpage%3DCustom%26pageID%3D53&prev=/search%3Fq%3DBradypodion%2Bpumilum%26start%3D10%26safe%3Doff%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1366%26bih%3D633

Images:

1) Main image supplied by Funky Melody
2) Sub image supplied by Funky Melody
 

Bradypodion Occidentale or the Namaqua Dwarf Chameleon 1

Bradypodion Occidentale or Namaqua Dwarf Chameleon


Bradypodion Occidentale or the Namaqua Dwarf Chameleon is a relatively large size dwarf chameleon native to the west coasts of South Africa and Namibia. It’s also known as the Western Dwarf Chameleon (Wikipedia). This chameleon thrives coastal vegetation in the coastal regions of Namibia and Namaqualand in South Africa hence its name.

Bradypodion Occidentale or the Namaqua Dwarf ChameleonThis species is distinguishable from other dwarf chameleons due to its locale, its large size to which it can grow up to 16 centimeters in length and two to three gular grooves under its chin. The grooves extend from the tip of the jaw down to the chest and can appear in various colors such as electric orange, purple-black and bright yellow (Natural History Notes). The animal’s base color is a mottled grey or brown.

The species is listed in CITES Appendix II (Biodiversity.org) which makes its sale and importation controlled however there are no references in the IUCN Redlist.

 


References:

1) Wikipedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Namaqua_dwarf_chameleon
2) Natural History Notes –
http://www.chamaeleonidae.com/Publications_files/Anderson%202013%20-%20Afr.%20Herp%20News.pdf
3) Biodiversity.org – http://www.biodiversity.org.na/taxondisplay.php?nr=2707
4) Chamowner’s Web – http://chamownersweb.net/chamfamily/bradypodion/bradypodion_occidentale.htm

Images:

1) Main image supplied by Javier Abalos Alvarez
2) Sub image supplied by Javier Abalos Alvarez 

 

Namaqua Desert Chameleon

Chamaeleo Namaquensis or Namaqua Desert Chameleon

Chamaeleo Namaquensis or the Namaqua desert chameleon is a special type of chameleon able to live in the inhospitable desert regions of Namibia, South Africa and Angola. It is the only species of chameleon able to live in such a habitat. (Mercury) Unlike most chameleons, it is a terrestrial type meaning it spends much of its time on the ground.

Chamaeleo Namaquensis is usually grey or brown. It has dark triangles beneath the dorsal crest and red or yellow stripes on the throat. It has a large head and unlike arboreal type chameleons has a short tail (
ARKive). Its body is adapted to handle the desert heat. It is able to dig in the sand or use the burrows of other animals to cool itself. It can also straighten its legs to lift its body from the hot sand like other desert lizards.
namaqua chameleon 1

 

Namaqua Chameleon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This species has a wide distribution and abundant population in the deserts and semi-deserts of Namibia, Angola and South Africa. It has a status of Least Concern in the IUCN Redlist. There are currently no major threats except for its capture for the pet trade. Trade however is regulated because Chamaeleo Namaquensis is listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species Appendix (CITES Appendix II). They are able to reproduce quickly as they mate three times a year. The females can lay up to 22 eggs per clutch which hatch after 100 days. They can reach sexual maturity in five to seven months.


 

References:

1) Mercury NIE – www.mercurynie.com.au/documents/ChameleoncopyrightMercurynewspaperHobart.pdf
2) ARKive – www.arkive.org/namaqua-chameleon/chamaeleo-namaquensis/
3) IUCN Redlist – www.iucnredlist.org/details/176311/0
4) CITES Appendix II – cites.org/eng/app/appendices.php

 

Images:

1) Main image supplied by Caroline Granycome
2) Sub images supplied by CowYeow