Carpet Chameleon or Furcifer Lateralis

The carpet chameleon scientifically known as furcifer lateralis is an attractive and common chameleon species. It’s brightly colored akin to a carpet where it gets its name. It’s also known as the while-lined chameleon from the noticeable white stripe on each side of the body from head to tail. They also have several ocelli or circle patterns along the white stripe (Chameleon News). Furcifer lateralis is another example of a true chameleon because they can change color depending on their mood and environment and females can display more vibrant colors when gravid (Chameleon News). The base color for males is generally green (Animal Diversity Web). Carpet chameleons can grow from 17 to 25 centimeters in length. Carpet chameleons reach adulthood within the first three months and can live for up to three years.

This species is found on the island of Madagascar except for the northern areas (IUCN). It is one of the most flexible species in terms of habitat. They can be found anywhere at altitudes of 600 to 1200 meters above sea level where there is adequate shade and humidity and access to direct sunlight. They can be found in savannah and grassland areas in trees and shrubs. They can also be found in human habitats in people’s gardens so long as the conditions are right (Animal Diversity Web).

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists furcifer lateralis as a species of least concern (LC) as the species population is very stable. It is one of the species very much visible in the pet trade and one of the legally exported species from the island. Species from the wild however have a higher mortality rate from ones that are bred in captivity.

 

References:
1) Chameleons Online – http://www.chameleonnews.com/06MayStanford.html
2) Wikipedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpet_chameleon
3) Animal Diversity Web – http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Furcifer_lateralis/
4) IUCN Redlist – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/42696174/0

Images:

Awaiting Images

Smith’s dwarf chameleon or Bradypodion taeniabronchum

Smith’s dwarf chameleon otherwise known as Bradypodion taeniabronchum or Elandsberg Dwarf Chameleon, is one of the few species of chameleons that actually changes its color to match its surroundings, an ability (Wikipedia) which has made chameleons one of the most interesting animals and valued as pets. However, this species is hardly pet material since it is critically endangered according to the IUCN Redlist due to its limited distribution of just over 5000 sq. km.

This species of chameleon can be found in South Africa near Algoa Bay in the Cape Province. They can be found in fynbos type vegetation. This species is distinguishable from other dwarfs due to its having a dorsal and gular crest made up of tubercle cones. This species can grow up to 8 inches (Chamowners Web). Their base colors are dirty to pale green while some specimens are rust colored but may be hard to determine in the wild because of their ability to blend into their surroundings. Bradypodion taeniabronchum is listed as endangered in the (IUCN Redlist) and also registered in CITES Appendix II making trade of this species illegal.

References: 

1) IUCN Redlist – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/3023/0
2) Wikipedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bradypodion_taeniabronchum
3) Chamowners Web – http://chamownersweb.net/chamfamily/bradypodion/bradypodion_taeniabronchum.htm

Images:

1) Awaiting images

 

Bradypodion Setaroi or Setaro’s Dwarf Chameleon

Bradypodion Setaroi otherwise known as the Setaro’s Dwarf Chameleon is a small size dwarf chameleon native to the South Africa Kwazulu-Natal region. (Wikipedia).

Bradypodion Setaroi is distinguishable from other dwarf chameleons due to its size which can grow up to only 10 centimeters. It has a low casque with no occipital lobes. There are small skin flaps covered with granular scales on its gular crest. There are rows of plate-like scales on the flanks and its base colors are yellow, gray and brown (Chamowners Web). Like most chameleons, they are sexually dimorphic. In males, the tail is longer than the body while the tail is shorter than the body for females.

This species is currently listed in the IUCN Redlist as least concern. It has a teeming population despite being restricted to a 5600 sq. kilometer area. Its range also happens to be protected. Bradypodion Setaroi has a range from the St. Lucia Estuary in Zululand South Africa up to southern Mozambique (Encyclopedia of Life). This species is also highly adaptable and can be found in coastal dune forests among the undergrowth (IUCN Redlist).

References:

1) Chamowners Web – http://chamownersweb.net/chamfamily/bradypodion/bradypodion_setaroi.htm
2) Wikipedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Setaro%27s_dwarf_chameleon
3) iNaturalist – http://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/32953-Bradypodion-setaroi
4) Biodiversity Naturehttp://www.biodiversitynature.com/setaros-dwarf-chameleon-bradypodion-setaroi/
5) Encyclopedia of Lifehttp://eol.org/pages/454048/details
6) IUCN Redlisthttp://www.iucnredlist.org/details/3012/0

 

Images:

1) Main image supplied by
2) Sub image supplied by 

Bradypodion Pumilum or Cape Dwarf Chameleon

Bradypodion Pumilum otherwise known as the Cape Dwarf Chameleon is a medium size dwarf chameleon native to the region around Cape Town in South Africa (Wikipedia). This species gets its common name due to its location.

Bradypodion Pumilum has a base color of green, yellow or brown with blue, orange and red stripes or spots on their flanks (Chameleons.com). It has a curly prehensile tail, a non-prominent casque. They also have conical tubercles stretching from their backs to their tails as well as beneath the jaw.


This species can grow up to 15 centimeters in adulthood. They are quick to grow from birth to adult size in six months which makes them popular among lizard enthusiasts (Sticky Tongue Farms) and they can quickly reproduce of up to 15 young per year (Herpcenter). This species is adaptable and can be tamed with constant gentle contact (Wikipedia). Unlike other chameleons, they are not as territorial and can be found in groups (Herpcenter).
Bradypodion Pumilum or Cape Dwarf Chameleon 2

Bradypodion Pumilum is listed in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) Appendix II (Wikipedia). This means that trade for this species is highly regulated due to its limited distribution in the Western Cape, South Africa. They are also allegedly found in Namibia and Mozambique (Reptile Database). There are plenty of specimens in captivity and has a limited market (Sticky Tongue Farms). This species inhabits thickets, reed beds and fynbos or shrubbery.

 

 

References:

1) Wikipedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cape_dwarf_chameleon
2) Sticky Tongue Farms –
http://www.stickytonguefarms.com/index.php?page=shop.product_details&category_id=15&flypage=flypage.tpl&product_id=377&option=com_virtuemart&Itemid=82&vmcchk=1&Itemid=82
3) Herpcenter Network – http://www.herpcenter.com/reptile-caresheets/cape-dwarf-chameleon.html
4) Chameleons.com – http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=de&u=http://www.chamaeleons.com/index.php%3Fpage%3DCustom%26pageID%3D53&prev=/search%3Fq%3DBradypodion%2Bpumilum%26start%3D10%26safe%3Doff%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1366%26bih%3D633

Images:

1) Main image supplied by Funky Melody
2) Sub image supplied by Funky Melody
 

Bradypodion Carpenteri or Carpenter’s Chameleon


Bradypodion Carpenteri or Kinyongia Carpenteri is a small species of chameleon that occurs in the mountainous highland region between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Its common English name is the Carpenter’s Chameleon in honor of the specimen’s collector Dr. G.D. Hale Carpenter (iNaturalist). Its genus designation has been moved two times from Chameleo to Bradypodion to Kinyongia.

This species can grow up to 30 cm. They have large casques, curved parietal crest and bifurcated canthus rostralis (on males). Little is known about this species and it’s not known to be in the captive market (IUCN Redlist).

 

References:

1) iNaturalist – www.inaturalist.org/taxa/32971
2) Wikipedia – en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpenter%27s_chameleon
3) Reptile Database – reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Kinyongia&species=carpenteri
4) IUCN Redlist – www.iucnredlistassessments.org/about/forum/east_africa_chameleons/32971-2/
5) Chamowners Web – chamownersweb.net/chamfamily/bradypodion/bradypodion_carpenteri.htm
6) Chameleon Forums – www.chameleonforums.com/kinyongia-carpenteri-pictures-35017/index2.html

Images:

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Panther chameleon

Panther Chameleon – Furcifer Pardalis

The Panther Chameleon whose scientific name is Furcifer Pardalis is a large species of chameleon commonly found in Northern and Eastern Madagascar (Tropical Zoology 18 Georges Cuvier) as well as Mauritius and Reunion islands. Panther Chameleons can grow up to 20 inches in length, 17 on average for males but females are smaller about half the size of the males. They are becoming more and more common as pets these days. However, like most chameleons Panther Chameleons have certain requirements (Chameleon Paradise).



Panther ChameleonPanther chameleons are recognisable for their distinctive spotted markings thus the name. Their scientific name however actually means forked (furcifer) and spotted (pardalis). Forked refers to their feet while spotted refers to their markings.

Their actual colorations depend on the area or locales where they’re found (Lizards: A Natural History of Some Uncommon Creatures p.71). They’re mostly red when found in Antsiranana, Sambava, Maroantsetra and Tamatave while they’re mostly blue at Nosy Be, Ankify, and Ambanja (The Panther chameleon: colour variation, natural history, conservation, and captive management).  The Panther Chameleons range of colouring’s is truly amazing and this obviously makes it one of the most popular chameleons on the planet to keep in captivity.

 

References:

1) Tropical Zoology  
2) Chameleon Paradise 
3) Lizards: A Natural History of Some Uncommon Creatures p.71 ISBN 978-0-7603-2579-7.
4)The Panther chameleon: colour variation, natural history, conservation, and captive management.
Krieger Publishing Company. pp. 54, 62–63. ISBN 978-1-57524-194-4.

Images:                  

1) Main image supplied by Dan (CowYeow)
2) Sub images supplied by Roger Sargent