Bradypodion Nemorale or Zululand Dwarf Chameleon


Bradypodion Nemorale or the Zululand Dwarf Chameleon is a medium-sized dwarf chameleon native to Qudeni and Nkanala forests of Zululand, South Africa. It’s also known as the Qudeni Dwarf Chameleon. This chameleon’s scientific name refers to its forest habitat. Nemorale means living in groves or woods (The Reptile Database).

This creature is distinguishable from other dwarf chameleons because of its location, its size, its strongly raised casque, and a distinct developed cranial crest. It also has a distinct dorsal crest which continues up to the tail. There are no longitudinal grooves on the flanks (The Reptile Database). Its base color is dark green with rust-colored patches and its throat is covered with white gular grooves (Chamowners Web).

Due to its limited range, distribution and population, it’s classified as near-threatened in the IUCN Redlist of Endangered Species. It’s also listed in CITES Appendix II which means that trade for this species is highly controlled (Encyclopedia of Life)

 

References:

1) The Reptile Databasehttp://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Bradypodion&species=nemorale
2) IUCN Redlist – http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/3009/0
3) Chamowner’s Web – http://chamownersweb.net/chamfamily/bradypodion/bradypodion_nemorale.htm
4) Encyclopedia of Life – http://chamownersweb.net/chamfamily/bradypodion/bradypodion_nemorale.htm

Images:

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Chameleons Tail

Panther chameleon
Most Chameleons have prehensile tail, which basically means that the tail allows the creature to hold onto branches and move from one branch to another, in order to make its life easier when it is above the ground.  In fact, the meaning of “prehensile” is ‘able to grasp’ (Prehensile tail, Wikipedia).

The length of a tail depends mostly on the species and age of the Chameleon in question.  For instance, a 9 month old Veiled Chameleon could possibly have a tail of approximately 7-inch in length, where as a 9 month old Pygmy Dwarf Chameleons tail would be considerably smaller.

Since the creature has prehensile tail, the tail cannot fall off and then re-grow, which happens with a number of other similar lizards (Chameleon, San Diego Zoo).  In other words, a Chameleon cannot drop its tail.  Many people are also of the opinion that the tail is used for balancing purposes, and it makes sense to a certain extent.  

As far as colour of tail is concerned, it depends on the Chameleon.  Moreover, since the creature is able to change its skin colour based on temperature, light and mood, the tail colour changes to suit.

We have noticed that when a Chameleon is about to go to sleep, it curls its tail, whether this is to make the Chameleon appear smaller and compact keeping it better hidden or it could be simply that it’s the most comfortable position for the Chameleon to sleep in, we are not sure.

 

References:

1) “Prehensile tail.” Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 26 December 2013.  Web.
2) “Chameleon.” San Diego Zoo Animals.  San Diego Zoo Global.  Web.

Images:

1) Main image supplied by Cow Yeow